LGBTQ Rights in Indonesia
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people in Indonesia face legal challenges and prejudices not experienced by non-LGBTQ residents. Traditional Indonesians disapprove of homosexuality and cross dressing, which impacts public policy. For example, Indonesian same-sex couples and households headed by same-sex couples are not eligible for any of the legal protections available to opposite sex married couples. Indonesia does not have a sodomy law and Indonesia does not currently criminalize private, non-commercial homosexual acts among consenting adults, yet Indonesian law does not protect LGBT community against discrimination and hate crimes. Currently, Indonesia does not recognize same sex marriage. In July 2015, Indonesian Religious Affairs Minister stated that it is unacceptable in Indonesia, because strongly held religious norms speak strongly against it. The importance in Indonesia for social harmony leads to duties rather than rights to be emphasized, which means that human rights along with LGBTQ rights are very fragile. Yet, the LGBT community in Indonesia has steadily become more visible and politically active.
Recently LGBT people in Indonesia are facing growing hostility and intolerance. In early 2016, LGBT people and activists in Indonesia are facing fierce opposition, homophobic attacks, and hate speech, even launched by Indonesian authorities. In February 2016, Human Rights Watch urged Indonesian government to defend the rights of LGBT people and publicly condemn officials’ discriminatory remarks.
Coming out to family and friends is seldom carried out by LGBT people in Indonesia, as they are more afraid of rejection and social backlash. Nevertheless, there are some rare examples of understanding and acceptance of the family of LGBT person.
1) Indonesian military and LGBTQ http://www.dawn.com/news/1304816 3) Blog featuring Indonesian Controversial Military Requirements and exclusion of LGBTQ http://blog.uspatriottactical.com/indonesia-tops-the-list-of-strange-and-controversial-military-recruiting-requirements-and-policies/ 4) Video on how suicide and anti-gay beliefs in indonesia are correlated https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UPb_CVxBbvQ 5) Human Rights Watch article on Indonesian LGBTQ https://www.hrw.org/report/2016/08/10/these-political-games-ruin-our-lives/indonesias-lgbt-community-under-threat 6) Google Scholar Article on Indonesian LGBTQ rights https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2180807 7) Poetry on gay rights https://www.poets.org/poetsorg/poem/queer 8) Testimony on being gay in Indonesia http://www.dw.com/en/its-ok-to-be-gay-in-indonesia-so-long-as-you-keep-it-quiet/a-6456222 10) Leading websites devoted to the issue http://www.globalindonesianvoices.com/21392/us-ruling-on-same-sex-marriage-relevant-to-indonesia/